Cannabidiol

Processing and Extraction Methods of Medicinal Cannabis

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Expert is extracting from cannabis

A large market is emerging around these compounds. That is why industries focus on THC And CBD Extraction Methods. Today there are many products, including foods and supplements containing them. Many physicians make it easy for patients to include CBD in their daily lives.

That booming market and the corresponding innovation that comes with it has led to novel extraction methods. They are highly refined. Plus, people use them to isolate and better utilize the components. The cannabis plant has a long history and is incredibly complex.

It produces almost +120 different cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. Two of those are CBD and THC. Continue reading, and you will see the most popular CBD extraction methods.

What is CBD?

In recent months, this natural compound, also known as cannabidiol, has become famous. As it is present in the cannabis plant, it has gained significant strength in society. That is due to the launching of unique products for therapeutic purposes.

When you hear CBD, the first thing that comes to your mind is drugs; you should know something. CBD is a naturally occurring chemical component in the Cannabis Sativa plant. Which produces different compounds, 120 in total, among which the cannabinoids stand out.

Being the CBD is one of the main ones. After several studies, it has been proven that its immediate effects are varied. They are molecules with highly therapeutic properties. Among them are anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, neuroprotective and anxiolytic. Before all these, they pass through CBD extraction methods.

What is THC?

THC or also known as Tetrahydrocannabinol, is the most famous and persecuted cannabinoid in marijuana. Although it has psychoactive effects, it also provides therapeutic benefits.

THC or Tetrahydrocannabinol is an element in marijuana plants. Especially in the trichomes that usually cover them. There are different theories about its presence. Most of them are related to the plant’s self-defense system against various external elements.

For example, some experts assure that THC serves as an element to protect itself from herbivores. Another theory refers to the fact that Tetrahydrocannabinol serves the marijuana plant to protect itself from UV radiation.

Because people know they have a high UV-B absorption capacity. Continue reading to know all the THC extraction methods.

What are CBD and THC Extraction?

One of the compounds that are gaining more importance in the world related to cannabis is CBD and THC. They have several benefits in addition to their great potential in medicine. For example, its anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective power stands out.

For these reasons, the big industries emphasize the extraction process. You will see there are many ways and each has its benefits and disadvantages.
All the CBD or THC you find in your favorite gummies, drinks, and marijuana oils go through extraction.

CBD extraction consists of two micro-processes. The first is to isolate the chemical compound from the surrounding plant material. It is then distilled into high concentrations. Here are some of the CBD and THC extraction methods.

Why Does THC and CBD Extraction Matter?

There are many ways to extract the oil from the plant and make CBD oil. But extraction is the process by which we obtain the component we are looking for. From here, it will be possible for the products to have the desired amount of each one. Furthermore, the quality of the component depends on the extraction. And also there are many differences in CBD and THC.

There are several key concepts that we must consider about the by-product that we are going to obtain, such as purity, the yield of the by-product, taste, and preservation properties.

It is essential to perform a good extraction. That is so that all the factors of the by-product are optimal. In addition to making its production profitable.

extraction equipment of THC and CBD

Processing and Extraction Methods of Medicinal Cannabis

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Extraction

“CO2 is a unique molecule in that it functions as all three different states of matter”. CO2 extraction is the best-known extraction method. Parts of the plant are filtered through a series of chambers.

You control the temperature and pressure. As soon as the temperature conditions are reached, carbon dioxide behaves like a liquid instead of a gas.
The liquid CO2 penetrates the plant matter and begins to dissolve the oils.

You can isolate cannabinoids with an efficiency approaching 90. This method has many advantages. It does not require a lengthy evaporation process like liquid solvent extraction. It is also the process whose final product is finished once with fewer contaminants.

Ethanol (Alcohol, a.k.a. Ethyl Alcohol) Extraction

In this method, people use all the plant matter of the plant (stems and flowers). People make the mixture with a liquid solvent (usually ethanol or oils). In this way, the cannabinoids are separated from the plant and transfer to the liquid.

Later, in the case of ethanol, the liquid is evaporated from this mixture. Finally, what remains are the plant’s components in the form of resin. It is this resin that is diluted in a carrier oil, which gives it its final appearance.

Hydrocarbons (Butane, Propane, Hexene, etc.)

“This is the most controversial and accident-prone method without experienced and professional supervision.” Butane and similar compounds are very useful for the extraction of plant-derived chemicals. Such as terpenes or cannabinoids.

Hydrocarbon extraction is one of the most popular methods. Hydrocarbon extraction is used to capture organic compounds from plants. Large industries undoubtedly choose this method because of its efficiency.

Vegetable Oils: Coconut, Olive Oil, etc

This extraction technique is one of the simplest of all. But like ethanol, it has its advantages and disadvantages. The good thing about extracting cannabinoids with olive oil is that the technique is straightforward.

The only thing you have to do is to put the olive oil at about 90 degrees Celsius. This way, you will get a non-concentrated extract. Therefore, users should use a much higher dose to benefit from its effects.

Ice Water Extraction (Mechanical Separation)

It is perhaps the oldest form of extraction and one of the most popular. But even in that ancient art, there were innovations. Thus, it came to what people know as extraction with ice water.

It is nothing more than the extraction of the trichome heads by shaking the cannabis in water at low temperatures. It is possible to start with a delicate manicure and flowers, which can be dried flowers. Or freshly harvest to obtain what you know as fresh frozen.

Cold Pressed

It is an ancient method that essentially consists of pressing or squeezing the seed to obtain the oil it contains. It does not involve any other factor. Only the force exerted by the machine (hydraulic press) on the seed or fruit we are working with.

The said method preserves all the properties. Obtaining a high-quality oil. We are talking, without a doubt, about authentic seed juice. Here we obtain less oil per kilo. However, this means that you get high-quality oil.

Steam Distillation

“Steam is used to free the volatile compounds.” Thanks to this method, you will be able to separate cannabinoids from terpenes. Besides, you will be able to treat the molecules.

The whole process is performed at vacuum levels below 0.01 mm Hg. It allows the distillation of products that need high boiling temperatures at moderate temperatures. In this way, the compounds do not degrade. The CBD percentage of this method can reach figures close to 99%.

Extraction and Refinement Methods For Manufactures

CBD-dominant strains and products manufactured exclusively with CBD are making their way into the cannabis market. Consumers who don’t like the euphoric effect of THC, can use CBD to counteract it as well as those who want that euphoric effect and consume THC.

Today, the industry shows the whole process of extraction and what follows its consumers. But for what? So that they can trust what they consume and don’t have any surprises. For that reason, all the products go through excellent processes of extraction and elaboration.

What To Look for

The same methods are not for all the products. You must search according to what you need. It is not the same if you are looking for a full-spectrum oil or a gummy. It is not the same if you look for a cream with high THC concentrations as oil without THC.

Also, some industries will prefer to use methods according to their resources or availability. So, the prudent thing to do would be to do good research and find out what you need! In conclusion, it all depends on what you are looking for and its concentrations and potency.

Final Thoughts

It is essential to know the extraction methods as they are a fundamental process. That is the beginning production of the products you like, that’s why knowing them is fundamental.

In addition, the extraction process will determine many things, such as potency, concentrations, and many other things. Ask your supplier about the method they use and learn more about it! This way, you will avoid surprises.

Arthur Scott

Arthur finds an interesting niche where he focuses all his energy in. CBD became his happiness, and he boasts of in-depth knowledge about CBD. He later started writing articles about CBD, and it did not take long before his talent was obvious.

He has now secured a permanent position as a writer and CBD consultant in one of the Giant hemp companies. Scott delivers quality and timely content that educates readers on the benefits, and the definition of the best CBD. He spends his leisure time giving hope to patients suffering from neurological conditions.

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